Fascia is the soft tissue component of the connective tissue that provides support and protection for most structures within the human body, including muscle. In its healthy state, it should provide both support for internal structures and appropriate movement This soft tissue can become restricted due tooveruse, trauma, infectious agents, or inactivity, often resulting in pain, muscle tension, and corresponding diminished blood flow. Although fascia and its corresponding muscle are the main targets of myofascial release, other tissue may be affected as well, including other connective tissue.
The direct myofascial release (or deep tissue work) method works on the restricted fascia. Practitioners use knuckles, elbows, or other tools to slowly stretch the restricted fascia. Direct myofascial release tries to changes the myofascial structures by stretching, elongation of fascia, or mobilising adhesive tissues. The practitioner moves slowly through the layers of the fascia until the deep tissues are reached.
The indirect method involves a gentle stretch, with only a low pressure applied. This allows the fascia to unwind' itself. The gentle traction applied to the restricted fascia will result in heat and increased blood flow in the area. This allows the body's inherent ability for self correction to return, thus eliminating pain and restoring the optimum performance of the body.